美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

VOA慢速英语:2019年国际消费电子展15项热门科技产品2019-01-13
Each year, the Las Vegas consumer electronics show, or CES, presents the latest developments in many areas of technology. As this year’s show draws to a close, we are looking at some of the most interesting new products from CES 2019.
VOA慢速英语:手机应用程序即将可预测青少年是否患抑郁症2019-01-12
Researchers are testing smartphone apps that use artificial intelligence, or AI, to predict depression and possible self-harm.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:研究:美国人只赞成出于健康目的进行基因编辑2019-01-10
Many Americans approve of the use of gene-editing technology. But they also worry over exactly how it will be used.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究:撒哈拉沙漠经两万年转变而成2019-01-10
A new study suggests climate conditions in the Sahara Desert has changed from wet to dry about every 20,000 years.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:芝加哥博物馆展出世界上最受欢迎的恐龙2019-01-10
Visitors to the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago have been able to see Sue since 2000. However, for most of 2018, Sue was nowhere to be seen. Instead, experts spent 10 months working on and adding to the world-famous skeleton.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:举世瞩目!中国嫦娥四号飞抵月球背面2019-01-10
China’s space program has become the first to land a spacecraft on the so-called dark side of the moon. The landing on Thursday brought the country closer to its goal of becoming a space power.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:NASA“新视野号”飞抵终极北极并将传回高清图像数据2019-01-10
The “snowman,” named Ultima Thule, orbits an area known as the Kuiper Belt. The area has hundreds of thousands of objects that could hold the keys to understanding the beginning of our solar system.
VOA慢速英语:爱沙尼亚政府欲实现100%无纸化工作2019-01-10
Estonia has launched a project to make government administration completely digital. The goal is to reduce the size of the government work force, open up the decision-making process and fuel economic growth.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国研究发现太空工作不会缩短宇航员寿命2019-01-02
Astronauts are generally well-educated, earn more money and in better physical condition than the average American.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家研究意大利大恐龙化石2019-01-01
Researchers in Italy have found an unusual dinosaur. They said that the ancient land animal somehow ended up in the sea where it was a meal for many different sea creatures.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究人员:鸡幸福吗?2018-12-27
How do you measure a chicken’s happiness? Is it in the way it runs for food? Or by how much time it spends cleaning itself? To find the answers to these questions, researchers in Canada are putting 16 kinds of chickens through a series physical and mental
VOA慢速英语:科学2018:人类基因编辑、私人太空旅行2018-12-25
A Chinese researcher claimed to have edited the genes of at least two human embryos this year. The two developed into girls, who were born this year. Also, a company moved closer to offering pleasure trips into space.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国探索利用蟑螂处理厨余和食物2018-12-18
People usually see these insects as dirty pests. But in China, they are seen for their environmental – and economic - value.
VOA慢速英语:全球变暖危及南北二极地2018-12-17
Recently released studies on climate change paint one of the worst pictures yet of warming in the polar areas.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:有趣的人工智能应用:制作漫画头像2018-12-14
In a caricature, the artist creates a drawing of a face, with different parts of it greatly enlarged, or exaggerated, in other ways. The pictures or images are usually made to make the person look funny.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:人工智能有助医生提高医术?2018-12-12
Artificial intelligence (AI) technology may soon be a useful tool for doctors. It may help them better understand and treat diseases like breast cancer in ways that were never before possible.
VOA慢速英语:神秘生物威胁地中海蛤蜊生存2018-12-11
A new kind of microscopic parasite is causing the pen shell clam, which can grow to one meter in size, to die off. Scientists are rushing to find out what is causing the attack and how to keep the clams from disappearing.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国首个人脸识别终端在亚特兰大机场启动2018-12-07
The Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport has become the first in the nation to let passengers to use facial recognition to get on an airplane. The system launched last week.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国宇宙飞船抵达本努小行星2018-12-06
An American spacecraft this week successfully reached its target, the asteroid Bennu. The spacecraft OSIRIS-REx is now operating around the asteroid, about 122 million kilometers from Earth.
VOA慢速英语:第24届联合国气候变化大会讨论海平面上升和水温升高等问题2018-12-06
Each year, Lisbon honors St. Anthony with a huge three-day festival and parade. Tradition says that, one day, Saint Anthony went down to the river and gave a religious sermon to the fish. Hundreds of years later, the people of Lisbon still honor him with
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:专家们开会了解夏威夷附近座头鲸数量减少的原因2018-12-01
Every winter, thousands of humpback whales migrate from Alaska to the warmer waters off the Hawaiian Islands. There, they mate and give birth before making their return trip north. But since 2014, there has been a reduction in humpback whale sightings.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:麻省理工新型电动飞机首次试飞成功2018-11-30
Engineers say they have carried out the first-ever flight of an electric airplane with no moving parts.
VOA慢速英语:巴西热带雨林即将消失?2018-11-30
About 60 percent of the Amazon rainforest is in Brazil. Scientists wonder it will be protected under Brazil’s next president, Jair Bolsonaro. He takes office on January 1.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国气候报告称天气灾害将愈演愈烈2018-11-28
The U.S. government report was released on November 23. It was written long before the deadly fires in California this month and before Hurricanes Florence and Michael struck the East Coast.
VOA慢速英语:基因编辑将助农场改善动物品质2018-11-27
This may seem impossible, but an American company is seeking to change farm animals by cutting or adding to their genes.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国航天局着陆器InSight抵达火星2018-11-26
The InSight lander will study the structure of the planet looking for quakes and meteorite strikes. It will take Mars’ temperature with a device that buries itself underground. And it may provide clues about the mystery of Mars’ wobble.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:专家植树造林可解决碳污染问题2018-11-24
As the planet heats up, experts warn that simply cutting greenhouse gas emissions will not be enough to avoid possibly disastrous levels of global warming. A new study says the answer may be found… in the forest.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新华社与搜狗研发智能主持人震惊外媒2018-11-23
China’s Xinhua news agency recently launched what it called the world’s first artificial intelligence news presenter. Will this be the start of a new wave of robotic news readers?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家推演尼安德特人灭绝过程2018-11-22
Neanderthals are extinct, but they were the closest relative of modern humans. Up until about 30,000 years ago, human beings shared the Earth with Neanderthals. The two species were so close that they sometimes mated.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:太空岩石仍是科学家未解之谜2018-11-22
Oumuamua is the first interstellar object scientists have found passing through our solar system. Interstellar means it came from another star system like our own. A new research paper from Harvard University proposes that Oumuamua may have been sent by a
VOA慢速英语:基因编辑食品即将成真,你敢吃吗?2018-11-20
Researchers are using new technology to edit the existing genes in crops and animals. But gene-editing, as it is called, also raises question about supervision and whether people will actually want the products.
VOA慢速英语:研究证实辅助驾驶系统存缺陷2018-11-20
A new has study found that driver assistance systems failed to perform some actions designed to prevent an automobile crash.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:千克这个单位即将退出历史舞台?2018-11-16
For nearly 130 years, scientists have used a singular small, metal cylinder to define the exact weight of a kilogram. Now, officials at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures say it is time for a change to meet today’s technology-driven world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:海平面上升威胁著名农场2018-11-13
Around the world, scientists warn that coastal farms are under threat from rising seas and salt water.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:联合国报告称地球臭氧层愈合中2018-11-13
After facing severe damage from the use of man-made chemicals, scientists say the Earth’s ozone layer is finally healing.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:三星推出新款可折叠手机2018-11-10
Samsung has provided a first look at its new foldable smartphone.
VOA慢速英语:种植咖啡树为委内瑞拉国鸟提供栖息地2018-11-07
The red siskin is a small song bird many Venezuelans know and love. But the bird is disappearing. Now activists and scientists hope that getting farmers to grow coffee will help the bird’s numbers recover.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:巧克力的故事比我们想象的还要古老2018-11-06
Chocolate is a special food that people around the world have enjoyed for many years. But a new discovery suggests the substance used to make chocolate is even older than experts once believed.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家列出四种捕获碳的方法 限制气温上升2018-11-05
A recent report suggests four simple ways to take carbon out of the atmosphere. The goal is to limit carbon dioxide, a gas linked to rising temperatures.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:匹兹堡枪击案嫌犯曾在社交媒体发表种族言论2018-11-02
The man accused of killing 11 people at a synagogue reportedly used a social media service to post violent messages.
VOA慢速英语:云南白水一号冰川融化加剧 未来将消失?2018-10-30
Scientists say Baishui in southern China it is one of the world’s fastest-melting glaciers.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:欧洲和日本的宇宙飞船开启7年的水星之旅2018-10-29
European and Japanese space agencies have successfully launched a spacecraft as part of a joint effort to study Mercury, the closest planet to the sun.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:谷歌称人工智能以99%的准确率发现乳腺癌2018-10-26
Google is already deeply involved in developing artificial intelligence (AI) to help doctors identify and treat disease. The company recently published two new studies showing a high level of success in identifying one of the deadliest forms of cancer.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究人员发现入侵物种的“善良”一面2018-10-24
A new study provides evidence that some invasive species are having a good effect on the environment.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:澳大利亚科学家研发新型“望远镜” 可以观察地下深处2018-10-23
The Australian Academy of Sciences has released a 10-year plan aimed at developing a better understanding of Australia’s mineral wealth. It proposes creating a three-dimensional map of the continent. Scientists want the map to show rocks and minerals to a
VOA慢速英语:人形机器人Pepper现身英国议会 解释AI对教育影响2018-10-19
A humanoid robot named Pepper appeared with British lawmakers this week to demonstrate how machines are being engineered to connect with people.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究发现日全食影响蜜蜂劳作2018-10-16
On August 21, 2017, millions of people across America stopped what they were doing to watch a total solar eclipse. Researchers now say they have discovered evidence that bees also took a break from what they were doing during the eclipse.
VOA慢速英语:研究表明大脑能记住成千上万张脸2018-10-16
A new study has found that, on average, people can remember as many as 5,000 faces.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:古代沉船讲述贸易路线的故事2018-10-15
The discovery is believed to be the largest concentration of wrecks ever found in the Mediterranean.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:谷歌推出新款Pixel智能手机、平板电脑和智能家庭中心2018-10-12
Google has launched the latest versions of its Pixel smartphone, as well as a new tablet computer and a smart home controller.
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